Why the Little Month of February has TWO Birth Flowers: the Violet and the Primrose; the Surprising Answer Along with Fun Facts

"Napoleon’s followers used the violet to weed out his detractors. They would ask strangers if they liked violets; a positive response was a sign of loyalty."

Even though roses are often associated with February, thanks to Valentine's Day, February’s birth flower is not the rose.

Instead, February has two birth flowers: the Violet and the Primrose.

Why are there two February birth flowers?

In England, February's birth flower is the Violet; in the United States, February is honored with the Primrose.


Concerning the Violet, the plantsman Derek Jarman once wrote:

“Violet has the shortest wavelength of the spectrum.
Behind it, the invisible ultraviolet.

‘Roses are Red, Violets are Blue.’
Poor Violet violated for a rhyme.”


The adorable little Violet signifies many virtues: truth and loyalty, watchfulness, and faithfulness.

Gifting a violet lets the recipient know you’ll always be true. Like the theme song from Friends promised, you’ll always be there for them.


The ancient Greeks placed a high value on the Violet. When it came time to pick a blossom as a symbol for Athens, the Violet made the cut.

The Greeks used Violet to make medicine.

They also used violets in the kitchen to make wine and to eat the edible blossoms.


Today, Violets are used to decorate salads and can even be sprinkled over fish or poultry.

Violets are beautiful when candied in sugar or used to decorate pastries.

Violets can even be distilled into a syrup for a Violet liqueur.


Finally, Violets were Napoleon Bonaparte's signature flower.

When his wife, Josephine, died in 1814, Napoleon covered her grave with violets.

His friends even referred to Napoleon as Corporal Violet. After he was exiled to Elba, Napoleon vowed to return before the Violet season.

Napoleon’s followers used the Violet to weed out his detractors. They would ask strangers if they liked violets; a positive response was a sign of loyalty.


The other official February flower is the Primrose, which originated from the Latin word "primus," meaning "first" or "early.”

The name refers to Primrose being one of the first plants that bloom in the spring.


As with the Violet, the leaves and flowers of Primrose are edible and often tossed into a salad.

The leaves are said to taste like lettuce.


Gifting a primrose has a more urgent - stalkerish- meaning than the Violet; a primrose tells a person you can’t live without them.

In Germany, people believed the first girl to find a primrose on Easter would marry that same year.


The saying about leading someone down the primrose path refers to enticing someone to do something terrible by setting an irresistible trap.

The primrose path phrase originated in William Shakespeare's Hamlet as Ophelia begs her brother:

Do not, as some ungracious pastors do,

Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven;

While like a puffed and reckless libertine,

Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads.


Here's one final story about the Primrose. When the man known as "The Daffodil King," Peter Barr, retired from breeding over 2 million daffodils at his home in Surrey, he moved to Scotland. There, he grew - not daffodils - but primroses. Two years before he died, Peter Barr, the Daffodil King, mused,

"I wonder who will plant my grave with primroses?" 

This post was featured on
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Violets are a February birth flower
Violets are a February birth flower
The Primrose is a February birth flower
The Primrose is a February birth flower

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